This is a very common question and I will address it from the very beginning. I’m sure at some point in your life, you’ve heard the terms ‘ovulation’ and ‘menstruation’ or ‘period’ and so it is necessary that you have deep understanding of these terms.
Or maybe you are trying to get pregnant and you’re experiencing irregular periods; this can be really difficult.
- What does all this mean when you are trying to get pregnant?
- How does ovulation affect your chances of getting pregnant?
- Is it even possible to ovulate without having a period?
All these are frequently asked questions and it is really important for you to know how your menstrual period is connected to ovulation.
Ovulation and menstruation are two very different processes but they are highly related to each other.
For those of you who are not quite sure about the specific definitions or the distinction between ovulation and menstruation then today is your lucky day!
What is Ovulation and Period?
The reproductive systems of females have two main parts which are the uterus and the ovaries. The eggs (ova) are created in the ovaries while vaginal and uterine discharges are formed in the uterus as well as fertilized egg cells that become fetuses.
Both ovaries are responsible for creation of eggs and hormonal discharges. Ovulation occurs when eggs or ova are created in both ovaries.
Ovulation is a sporadic process in which ovarian follicles that are mature are discharged into the Fallopian tubes to be available for fertilization. The endometrial lining of the uterus becomes thick while waiting for a fertilized egg.
The egg will try to fix itself into the lining of the uterus if it is fertilized. This is when pregnancy occurs. During this process, the matured egg is released by the ovaries prepared to be fertilized by sperm from a male counterpart.
If by any chance the matured egg doesn’t get fertilized by sperm, the uterine walls will shed off and blood will be discharged from the woman’s body through the vaginal opening. The bleeding is known as a female’s regular menstrual cycle and it is also called a Period. A regular period lasts from two to six days. (See the connection?)
Menstrual bleeding is usually (but not always) accompanied by pain, cramps, headaches, nausea and emotional imbalance. Women normally feel tired, uncomfortable and experience lots of mood swings during their period.
When Do Women Ovulate?
The menstrual process lasts for about 28 days and ovulation occurs during the 14th day of the menstrual cycle (although this varies widely among women).
For example, if you have a longer menstrual cycle of 35 days between your periods, you will ovulate on the 21st day (35 – 14 = 21).
Let’s say you happen to have a shorter menstrual cycle of 25 days between your periods, then you will ovulate on the 11th day of your cycle (25 – 14 = 11). During ovulation, it is normal for women to feel mild pain, increased sense of smell and raised sexual urges.
There are a lot of factors that can affect the timing of your ovulation – such as stress, illness, certain medications, jetlag, disruption of your regular routines, and other things.
The timing of your ovulation can fluctuate so it is very important that you pay attention to the signs of ovulation – including cervical mucus that is slippery, whitish, thick and wet.
In rare cases, a female who has ‘oligo menorrhea’, a state in which menstruation occurs only occasionally, it may be managed by inducing ovulation. It is very important for every woman to understand her menstrual cycle and to be aware of her normal cycles and irregularities as well.
I hope this was really informative!
Is It Possible To Ovulate Without a Period?
Yes! It is possible. Women can ovulate without having a period. You do not need to menstruate before you can ovulate and eventually conceive. This is mostly common in women with irregular periods.
By now you should understand that you cannot get pregnant without ovulating and this makes ovulation very important. If you have a regular menstrual period, you will find it easy to get pregnant and if you do not ovulate, you cannot get pregnant.
Although your period occurs as a result of what happened during ovulation, it is unusual to ovulate without a period. In other words, if you do ovulate your period will come.
You can still ovulate without having a period because your ovaries release the matured egg between 12 and 16 days before your period. So technically speaking, you can conceive before you get your period.
What Else Do You Need To Know?
I suggest you see a doctor if you are not having regular periods because it could be as a result of a medical condition. If you are not having regular periods and you want to get pregnant, you need to see a doctor and also figure out your ovulation window.
Over the counter ovulation kits can help you predict your fertile days as well.
Always speak to your doctor about any other concerns. You can also get special tricks and tips from your doctor concerning ovulation.